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Managing coastal bathing water quality: the contribution of microbiology and epidemiology

You are viewing information about the paper Managing coastal bathing water quality: the contribution of microbiology and epidemiology.

Journal: Mar Pollut Bull 2001/07/27
Published: 2001
Authors: Efstratiou, M. A.
Address: Department of Marine Sciences, University of the Aegean, 5 Sapphous Street, 81 100 Mytilene, Greece. efstratiou@marine.aegean.gr

The EU Bathing Water Directive with a life of 25 years (EEC, 1976) has contributed significantly to the improvement of the quality of coastal recreational waters throughout Europe and has successfully protected public health. Improvement of the standards of living and general public demands has made it necessary to consider updating it (EU, 1994) introducing important changes in microbiological parameters. Measurement of microbial pollution is of primary importance to this new proposal, as is to the regulatory schemes introduced by the very recent 'Annapolis Protocol' (WHO/US EPA, 1999). This report discusses the microbiological aspects of the health-related management of bathing seawater in the context of the scientific information available from epidemiological and microbiological studies.

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